CTE Data FAQ

CTE Data FAQ

Reporting Basics

  1. Who should report CTE data in SIRS?
  2. How are CTE students identified for reporting purposes?
  3. Why must districts report CTE data?
  4. What is a CTE Program?
  5. What is a cohesive concentration?

 Identifying CTE courses and programs: accurately reporting  the elements required in CTE program records

  1. Where should we begin when trying to determine which courses are CTE?
  2. What if a school is not certain if a course is included in one of the six CTE content areas?
    7a.  Which teachers are certified in CTE? [4/20/10]
  3. When is a CTE program service record needed in SIRS reporting?
  4. What is a General CTE program?
  5. What is a Title II Program?
  6. How do you determine if a student should be reported as Title II?
  7. What is meant by a CTE program being “Approved” or “Endorsed”?
  8. Update 3/9/11 I don’t have any New York State Approved programs; do I still need to report students who take all of their CTE courses in their high school?

 CTE Program Service Record Details: Codes that describe a CTE student’s program; examples of students who are counted as CTE students

  1. Who is the “service provider”?
  2. What must be reported on these student records in SIRS?

Classification of Instruction Codes/ program service codes

  1. How is the appropriate CTE program service code determined?
  1. I am reporting CTE students who take all of their CTE in the local high school and cannot find a CIP code in the SIRS manual that works with our programs. Are there CIP codes that should be used for programs offered at the local high school CTE data reporting?
  2. New 7/12/11 Some students were enrolled in several types of CTE courses in previous years but never were “concentrators” in any one area.
  3. What CIP code should I use for CFM?
  4. What CIP code should I use for an exploratory or multi-occupational course?
  5. Can a BOCES or technical high school use one of the more broad-based CIP codes?

How and what to count

  1. How do you record a student’s CTE data when the student takes CTE over multiple years and how is it recorded if those years are not sequential?
  2. New 7/12/11 What is the appropriate reason for ending code for students who take only one or two CTE courses?
  3. New 7/12/11 What should we do when there is no CTE program service record open in a student’s senior year?
  4. Are students taking a Careers and Financial Management (CFM) course at the local high school counted as CTE students?
  5. Do music and art classes count as CTE? There are CIP codes for each of them.
  6. Can Design and Drawing for Production (DDP) counted as CTE?
  7. Can DDP be counted as CTE when it is taught by an art teacher?
    22a.  Which CTE teachers are certified to teach DDP? [4/23/10]
  1. Can DDP be counted as CTE when the student is not using it to meet the one unit of art/music graduation requirement?
  2. Are all Project Lead the Way students CTE students?
  3. Does the 20-week required Health Education course count as CTE?
  4. Do I report 7th and 8th grade CTE students?
  5. Should adult students (i.e., those with a high school diploma or a GED) in CTE be reported through SIRS?  
  6. Are students in an exploratory or multi-occupational course at the BOCES counted as CTE students?
  7. How is the level of program intensity determined?
  8. When must the level of program intensity be reported?
  9. New 7/12/11 Must the program intensity level be updated each time there is a change?

Reporting Basics

  1. Who should report CTE data in SIRS? 
  1. How are CTE students identified for reporting purposes?
All school districts with students in CTE must enter, in SIRS, program service records for such students.  The school district accountable for the student is responsible for this reporting even if the district’s students receive their CTE at another program service provider (e.g., BOCES).
CTE students are those enrolled in any course that can be a part of a CTE cluster (i.e., agriculture, business and marketing, family and consumer sciences, health occupations, trade and technical education and/or technology education). This includes students enrolled in:

  • a local high school,
  • a BOCES,
  • an alternative education and a CTE program,
  • an approved GED program (AHSEPP or HSEPP) and a CTE program, or
  • a CTE program in a nonpublic school that participates in data reporting via the SIRS.
  • Non-public schools that participate in SIRS
  1. Why must districts report CTE data?
New York State receives approximately $38 million in Perkins funding for secondary students.  Each district is allocated a share of these funds based on a formula that uses census data concerning concentrations of school aged-children, with added weight given to economic need. Districts having allocations over $15,000 can access their funds directly if they meet New York State requirements (found in application materials each year, see application for first time application at: www.p12.nysed.gov/cte/perkins4/ )
Schools whose allocations are below $15,000 cannot access funds directly, but must use the funds in locally formed consortia. The funds benefit all participating members of the consortia. Some consortia are made up of several school districts, but the majority of consortia are made up of a BOCES and its component districts. Any district assigning its allocation to a BOCES is a participating member of a Perkins consortium.
  1. What is a CTE Program?
CTE programs are comprised of at least three CTE courses or units of study that together form a cohesive concentration.  Located in high schools and BOCES, CTE programs provide academic and technical instruction in the content areas of

  1. agriculture,
  2. business and marketing,
  3. family and consumer sciences,
  4.  health occupations,
  5. trade and technical education,
  6. and/or technology education.

Cohesive concentrations are groups of courses or units of study that when combined make up a program.  These courses or units of study may be from a single CTE content area, or from a combination of content areas.  These programs may be provided with supplemental federal funding from the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006 (Perkins IV).
All CTE programs are categorized for reporting purposes as General CTE and Title II CTE.

  1. What is a cohesive concentration?
The CTE office has broadened the definition of “CTE program” to better reflect the nature of statewide participation of all CTE students, not just those in the technical high schools or BOCES.  The new definition, “CTE programs are comprised of at least three CTE courses, or units of study that together form a cohesive concentration,” widens the universe of students to be reported as CTE students. Since programs can be comprised of courses from a single CTE content area, or from a combination of content areas, the new definition includes students who, in essence, build their own programs. The expansion of the definitional boundaries reinforces the Perkins IV emphasis on “all aspects of the industry.” Students use the CTE curriculum for reasons beyond technical skill attainment. As Hudson and Laird suggest, these students “trade depth of coursetaking within an occupation area for greater breadth of coursetaking across occupational areas (e.g., supplementing auto repair courses with business courses).” The inclusion of CTE students who build nonlinear and perhaps cross-discipline programs result in changes in data collection and reporting.

Lisa Hudson and Jennifer Laird, “New Indicators of High School Career/Technical Education Coursetaking: Class of 2005,” Statistics in Brief, (April 2009). Retrieved March 23,  2010, from http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2009038
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Identifying CTE courses and programs: accurately reporting  the elements required in CTE program records

  1. Where should we begin when trying to determine which courses are CTE?
Begin by identifying all courses offered in Agricultural Education, Business and Marketing Education, Family and Consumer Sciences Education, Health Occupations Education, Technology Education, and Trade and Technical Education. This means that students in all of the above courses, not just those in programs approved under the 2001 Regents CTE policy, are reported as CTE students.  CTE courses are taught by teachers certified in these six CTE content areas.
  1. What if a school is not certain if a course is included in one of the six CTE content areas?

 

 

 

7a. Which teachers are certified in CTE?

The Basic Education Data System (BEDS) teaching assignment codes can be used as a guide. The BEDS teaching assignment codes are used in a yearly survey of all teachers to collect data on enrollment and teaching assignments vis-à-vis teacher certification areas. The BEDS teaching assignments codes are a useful guide because course titles are organized by CTE content area. They are available at:
www.p12.nysed.gov/irs/beds/2009/PMF/codes.html (see pages 5-7).

7 a. Teachers certified to teach Agricultural Education, Business and Marketing Education, Family and Consumer Sciences Education, Health Occupations Education, Technology Education, and Trade and Technical Education are CTE teachers. This means that certified CTE teachers are found at local high schools, BOCES, and technical high schools.

  1. When is a CTE program service record needed in SIRS reporting?
A program service record is needed for all students in any CTE, beginning with the first course or unit of study, who are also in a high school diploma-granting program or an approved GED program (i.e., AHSEPP or HSEPP):

  • whether the courses comprising the CTE program are federally funded or not,
  • whether the courses comprising the CTE program have been approved to allow the issuance of a Technical Endorsement or not,  [bookmark to TE below]
  • whether the courses comprising the CTE program is General or Title II.
  1. What is a General CTE program?
A General CTE program (note that the term “General CTE” has replaced the old term, “conventional CTE”) is comprised of organized educational activities completed at the secondary level at a local high school or a BOCES or both.  These activities include:
A) a minimum of three connected courses at a local high school or a BOCES or both that:

  • incorporate the Career Development and Occupational Studies (CDOS) Learning Standards;
  • include the content of the one unit state-developed Career and Financial Management course;
  • provide students with coherent and rigorous content aligned with challenging academic standards and relevant technical knowledge and skills needed to prepare for further education and careers in current or emerging professions; and
  • may provide technical skill proficiency, an industry-recognized credential or a certificate; AND

B) competency-based applied learning that contributes to a student’s academic knowledge, higher-order reasoning and problem-solving skills, work attitudes, general employability skills, technical skills, occupation-specific skills, and knowledge of all aspects of an industry, including entrepreneurship.

  1. What is a Title II Program?
A Title II program involves two years of secondary instruction followed by two years of specifically linked postsecondary instruction.  The Title II programs in New York State are funded through Title II of Perkins IV on a competitive basis and are also known as 2+2 programs, Tech Prep, or “Career Pathways.”  These programs, which contain all of the components of General CTE programs, can be distinguished from General CTE programs by two features:
1) These programs must contain an articulation agreement that is jointly established by secondary and postsecondary institutions.  The agreements are usually brokered by “Title II Centers,” established under Perkins IV and provide benefits to the student such as, college credit or waiver of certain college course requirements.
2) A Title II program requires students to sign a declaration evidencing their intent to follow a graduation plan that includes two years of postsecondary instruction and that results in completion of a two-year associate degree, certificate, or apprenticeship in a field related to their program of study.
  1. How do you determine if a student should be reported as Title II?
The best way to determine if a student should be reported under Title II is to verify that he or she has signed a declaration with a Title II funded program.  Regional contacts can confirm if a student is in a Title II program. For more information see the Title II web page at: http://www.p12.nysed.gov/cte/perkins4/title2/title2contacts.html . If the Regional contact or local high school district can verify that a declaration has been signed and the other criteria are met, then the student would be coded as a Title II student.  If not, then he or she would be coded General CTE.
  1. What is meant by a CTE program being “Approved” or “Endorsed”?
This term refers to whether or not the specific program has been approved to allow the issuance of a technical endorsement on the student’s high school diploma.  Completion of the “New York State Regents CTE Approval Process” by individual CTE programs allows a school district to issue a Technical Endorsement on a student’s high school diploma when that student successfully completes all the requirements of such a program (For more information about the approval process see  www.p12.nysed.gov/cte/ctepolicy/ )  A list of programs that hold current NYSED approval to issue technical endorsements can be found at:  http://www.p12.nysed.gov/cte/ctepolicy/approved.html .
This data is entered in SIRS by the Level 1 operators and not by the reporting local educational agency.  School districts should contact their Regional Information Center (RIC) for further information.  If need be, the RIC can contact the NYSED CTE Team at 518-486-1547 or emsccte@mail.nysed.gov for assistance.
  1. I don’t have any New York State Approved programs; do I still need to report students who take all of their CTE courses in their high school?
Yes, you must report all CTE students.  Most Career and Technical Education in the State is delivered in programs that have not received approval through the 2001 Regents CTE Policy. There are many students who build custom programs (i.e., cohesive concentrations) in their high schools by taking a series of courses in content areas (e.g., Business and Marketing or Family and Consumer Sciences); they are CTE students and should be reported as such.
The 2001 Regents CTE Policy permits districts to grant the CTE endorsement on a qualifying student’s diploma. The endorsement marks a level of student achievement; it does not mark the limits of what is counted as Career and Technical Education.

3/11 Update: As of program year 2010-11, Post-high shcool placement (still collected on a paper form) will track only those students who enrolled in Approved Programs. Schools that do not offer any approved programs will not be required to conduct a survey of CTE students to collect and report data about program outcomes (i.e., placement in employment, further education, military, etc). See update details at the post-high shcool placement page and related FAQ.

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CTE Program Service Record Details: Codes that describe a CTE student’s program; examples of students who are counted as CTE students

  1. Who is the “service provider”?
The agency that operates the CTE program is the service provider.  A school district offering CTE for its own students would be both the district responsible for reporting these program service records and the program service provider.  A school district that sends its students to a BOCES for CTE would be the district responsible for reporting these program service records but the BOCES would be identified as the program service provider. Thus, the responsibilities for all school districts include reporting CTE students served in their own high schools as well as reporting those sent to BOCES or other out-of-district providers.
  1. What must be reported on these student records in SIRS?
The New York State CTE data fields in the SIRS are governed by federal mandates, as some CTE programming receives federal funding from the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006 (Perkins). CTE reporting requirements are the same for all schools whether or not they use Perkins funding.
English and math performance levels, and graduation and high school completion rates are collected for No Child Left Behind (NCLB) accountability purposes, but are also necessary for CTE reporting. Students in any CTE program must have a CTE program service record that includes;

  1. an Entry Date, and if exited, an Exit Date with a Reason for Ending Code,
  2. the data elements associated with all CTE program services:
    1. CTE Program Type (i.e., General CTE or Title II), and
    2. CTE/Title II Program Intensity, and [link down to intensity chart]
  3. the assessment code 00199 “CTE/Title II Technical Skills Assessment” with the assessment outcome (P or F) if the student took the assessment associated with the CTE program he or she took.

Students who transfer from one CTE program to another during the school year or enroll in more than one CTE program in different locations during the school year must be reported with a separate record for each program.  For example two service records would be required for a student enrolled in business education in his or her high school and enrolled in a computer information technology at a BOCES.

  1. How is the appropriate CTE program service code determined?
A list of Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) codes has been selected by NYSED for reporting purposes. These codes are taken from the National Center for Educational Statistics manual.  NYSED has selected a subset of these CIP codes that are appropriate for secondary level CTE programs.  Use the CIP code most closely reflects the curricula of the student’s CTE program.
As CTE programs at local high schools often cross content areas and may not be predefined or linear in nature and CTE students at local high schools build meaningful cohesive concentrations based on individual interests, the selection of a specific CIP code from Appendix 10 may prove more difficult than the selection of such a code for CTE programs at BOCES and Technical or CTE high schools.  In this case the local high school can use one of the more broad based CIP codes listed below. These reflect the six major CTE content areas.  If a student is in programs from two of these content areas, the code to be reported should be the one in which the majority of the student’s time is spent. The six content areas and their related CIP codes are:

  1. Agriculture; use CIP code 010599
  2. Business and Marketing; use CIP code 529999
  3. Family and Consumer Sciences; use CIP code 199999
  4. Health Occupations; use CIP code 519999
  5. Technology Education; use CIP code 151599
  6. Trade and Technical; use CIP code 489999

When a local agency is unable to determine the appropriate content area they should contact the NYSED CTE Team at 518-486-1547 or emsccte@mail.nysed.gov for assistance.

  1. I am reporting CTE students who take all of their CTE in the local high school and cannot find a CIP code in the SIRS manual that works with our programs. Are there CIP codes that should be used for programs offered at the local high school CTE data reporting? 
Yes. Local high school programs are often broad-based and need to use the following CIP codes:

    1. Agriculture: use CIP code 010599
    2. Business and Marketing: use CIP code 529999
    3. Family and Consumer Sciences: use CIP code 199999
    4. Health Occupations: use CIP code 519999
    5. Technology Education: use CIP code 151599
    6. Trade and Technical: use CIP code 489999

If a student is in programs from two of these content areas in the same location, the code to be used should be the one in which the majority of the student’s time is spent. If the student spends equal time (as might be the case in 9th grade, for example); choose one CIP.  Performance data reported the U.S. Education Department is based on the student’s senior year, when data reporters will have the entire enrollment record to determine where the student spent most of his or her time.

  1. Some students were enrolled in several types of CTE courses in previous years but never were “concentrators” in any one area.

For example, they take the following one credit courses: technology course two years ago, business course last year and an engineering course this year. Do I enter the three CIP codes?.

No. They may have built a cohesive concentration—a custom program. These students are concentrators and should be coded as such. The only time you would use two CIP codes is if the student takes CTE in the high school and the BOCES. So, if a student takes all CTE in one location, there is only one CIP, the cohesive concentrations will be made up of more than one content area but, the system does not permit us to capture all of the detail.

If the student has earned three full credits in CTE he or she is concentrator. The decision regarding whether or not a course constitutes a cohesive concentration /program should be made by staff involved in guidance or CTE program development . After these determinations are made, data officers should be provided with those the clusters of courses that may be counted as “cohesive concentrations.” Some districts limit cohesive concentrations to courses from two content areas (e.g., business and technology education).

  1. What CIP code should I use for CFM? 
Use the general Business and Marketing CIP code: 529999
  1. What CIP code should I use for an exploratory or multi-occupational course?
Use the general Trade and Technical CIP code: 489999
  1. Can a BOCES or technical high school use one of the more broad-based CIP codes?
Yes, a BOCES or technical high school would use the broad-based CIP codes for an exploratory or multi-occupational course. Most exploratory courses at a BOCES would use  the general Trade and Technical CIP code: 489999
  1. How do you record a student’s CTE data when the student takes CTE over multiple years and how is it recorded if those years are not sequential?
All students taking CTE have a CTE program service record created in the school year they first start CTE.  As with all program service records this is tied to the student’s enrollment record each year.
If the student is taking CTE over multiple years and has not completed or left the CTE program by the end of the first year, the student’s first year CTE program service record is left without a “Reason for Ending” code.
As in every year, and at the start of the following school year, each student has a new enrollment record created and that record has all the student’s program service records for that year attached to it. If a student continues a CTE program that did not have a “Reason for Ending” code at the end of the preceding year, a new CTE program service record is created for year 2 to reflect the student’s continuation in that CTE program.
If a student that began and did not complete or leave a CTE program in year 1 opts not to take CTE in year 2, no new CTE program service record is created in year 2.  If such a student then re-starts the same CTE program in year 3—in effect “skipping” year 2—a new program service record must be created at the start of year 3. This “skipping” will impact the Level of Intensity that needs to be recorded in year 3.  The entirety of the student’s CTE program should be considered when creating the new CTE program service record in year 3 using both year 1 and year 3 to determine intensity.
18a.
What is the appropriate reason for ending code for students who take only one or two CTE courses? Some of our seniors were enrolled in just one or two high school CTE courses this year,  Code 663 does not really describe their intention. They never wanted to complete a program, they just wanted to take two courses.
It is 663. At this time, we are limited to using only 663 or 664—they are not always a good fit when collecting CTE data. Student intent should not be a factor here.  It helps if decisions are made in sequence.

1.     Is the student a CTE student? If his or her enrollment record contains any CTE class either at BOCES or the high school , the answer is yes (all courses in Agriculture,  Business, Family and Consumer Sciences, Health Occupations, Trade and Tech, and Tech Ed count at CTE)
2.     Is the student an enrollee (1/2 credit or incomplete course), participant (1 credit already earned) or a concentrator ( 2 or more credits in CTE).
3.     If the student is not graduating/ or otherwise leaving school, the program service record can be left without an entry in the exit reason code/ reason for ending field. If the student is graduating / leaving  and has earned only two credits, then that student did not build a cohesive concentration, and did not complete a program—left program without completing is the correct entry for the reason for leaving field.

  1. When the students entire record is known, you will know how many credits in CTE the student has earned (note: some CTE courses are ½ credit, so a simple count of courses may not give you an accurate credit tally). Students with one credit are coded 663 because they have not reached sufficient intensity, they are still participants. While students with  two credits are concentrators, they have not completed the required three sequenced credits needed to achieve program completion.
18b.
We had some seniors who took several CTE courses over the past years and were reported as enrollees, participants or even concentrators, but not with a completion code of 646 since they had one or more years of school to complete and could have taken more courses. If they aren’t enrolled in a course this year, what should we do?
 

It was correct to leave the program service code off the prior CTE records. Many students will have an open CTE program service record in their last year of school. For the student described above, a CTE program service record must be re-established for the purposes of entering the program completion code. Create a record in the senior year with an entry date at the start of the year and exit data one day later with a reason for ending code 646, completed program.  )

  1. Are students taking a Careers and Financial Management (CFM) course at the local high school counted as CTE students? 
Yes
  1. Do music and art classes count as CTE? There are CIP codes for each of them.
In local high schools, no. Music and art classes in a local high school are not considered Career and Technical Education because the career studies aspect is not present and they are not taught by certified CTE teachers.
In contrast, technical high schools for the arts (found in the largest districts in the State and some BOCES) provide technical instruction (the skills) and career instruction—all aspects of the industry. The career instruction and the technical instruction are a part of programs in these settings they are CTE. Teachers in the technical high schools for the arts are certified CTE teachers. CIP codes for the arts should only be used for programs at technical high schools for the arts.
  1. Can Design and Drawing for Production (DDP) be counted as CTE? 
Yes, DDP, when taught by a certified Technology Education (CTE) teacher,  is a CTE course and should be counted as such.
  1. Can DDP be counted as CTE when it is taught by an art teacher?

22a. Which CTE teachers are certified to teach DDP?

No. It must be taught by a certified CTE teacher. If DDP is taught by an art teacher the student receives only art credit
Only teachers certified in Technology Education can teach DDP.
  1. Can DDP be counted as CTE when the student is not using it to meet the one unit of art/music graduation requirement?
Yes. DDP, taught by a certified CTE teacher, can be counted as CTE whether or not a student uses it to meet graduation requirements.
  1. Are all Project Lead the Way students CTE students?
PLTW is a national program model to promote student interest in engineering. How the program is delivered differs from state to state. In New York State, PLTW falls under the regulations and policies for technology education. PLTW courses are generally taught by certified technology education teachers but not in all cases. This should be the deciding factor in determining whether PLTW students are CTE students. All pre-engineering programs approved under the 2001 Regents Policy on CTE  must utilize New York State certified technology education teachers. For information on engineering-related courses or programs in grades 9-12 please see http://www.p12.nysed.gov/cte/technology/engineer.html or call the CTE program office at 518-486-1547.
  1. Does the 20-week required Health Education course count as CTE?
No, the career studies aspect is not present and they are not taught by certified CTE teachers.
  1. Do I report 7th and 8th grade CTE students?
No. Report students in grades 9-12 only.
  1. Should adult students (i.e., those with a high school diploma or a GED) in CTE be reported through SIRS?  
No.   People who take CTE as adult students (usually for a fee) are not reported in SIRS.
  1. Are students in an exploratory or multi-occupational course at the BOCES counted as CTE students? 
Yes

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  1. How is the level of program intensity determined?

Program intensity is a measure of the student’s progression through his or her CTE program.  While CTE programming in BOCES and Technical or CTE high schools (found in the larger districts in the state) is usually predefined or linear in nature CTE programming in local high schools often crosses content areas and may not be predefined or linear.  CTE students at local high schools build meaningful cohesive concentrations based on individual interests.  The following tables offer guidance on how to make this determination for CTE programs at local high schools and those at BOCES and Technical or CTE high schools:

Local High Schools

 

General CTE
A student who has…

Title II
A student who has…

Enrollee

…begun instruction in the any CTE course or unit of study …signed a Title II declaration form stating his or her intent to follow a Title II program, and who has begun instruction in at least one course or unit of study in the secondary education component (academic or CTE) of a Title II program.

Participant

… …successfully completed, as determined by the program service provider, at least one course or unit of study in a CTE program as part of a cohesive concentration and who has enrolled or plans to enroll in a second course/unit of study. …successfully completed at least one course or unit of study in the CTE component of the Title II program.

Concentrator

… successfully completed, as determined by the program service provider, two courses/units of study out of a three course/unit of study that together form a cohesive concentration; OR who has successfully completed, as determined by the program service provider, three courses/units of study out of a four or more course/unit of study CTE program. …successfully completed two courses or units of study in the secondary CTE component of a Title II program.

BOCES or Technical/CTE High Schools

 

General CTE
A student who has…

Title II
A student who has…

Enrollee

begun any CTE course or unit of study. …signed a Title II declaration form stating his or her intent to follow a Title II program, and who has begun instruction in at least one course or unit of study in the secondary education component (academic or CTE) of a Title II program.

Participant

completed one-third of his or her program.,
(In the case of a BOCES two-year program 27 weeks = 1/3)
…successfully completed, as determined by the BOCES or technical/CTE high school, at least 1/3 of the CTE component of a Title II program.

Concentrator

completed two-thirds of his or her program.
(In the case of a BOCES two-year program 54 weeks= 2/3)
…successfully completed, as determined by the BOCES or technical/CTE high school at least 2/3 of the CTE component of a Title II program.
  1. When must the level of program intensity be reported?
As the student reaches each level, the student’s record should be updated.  As this may prove problematic, program intensity should be reported, at least, as of the day the student leaves the program, either because they drop the program or because they complete the program, or as of the end of the school year, whichever comes first.

  • If the student dropped the program, the Reason for Ending Code would be 663 and the Level of Program Intensity would be the level reached by the day the student left the program.
  • If the student completed the program, the Reason for Ending code would be 646 and the Level of Program Intensity would be “Concentrator” as all completers have, by definition, passed through all the intensity levels.
  • the Reason for Ending code can be left blank and the Level of Program Intensity would be the level reached by the last day of the school year.
30 a.
Must the program intensity level be updated each time there is a change?
No. At this time, there is no need to enter the data more than once a year since we  are required to submit only end-of-year reports to the federal education department. Report the highest level achieved at the end of the school year.

Career and Technical Education Classification of Instructional Programs Codes (CIP)

Career and Technical Education Classification of Instructional Programs Codes (CIP)

CIP codes are used to characterize CTE program types. SED has selected a subset of CIP codes to be used when reporting CTE data. Since programs at the BOCES or technical/CTE high schools are more occupationally focused, the selection of a specific CIP code is usually clear. The choice of CIP codes for CTE programs in high schools might require the use of a more general CIP code since programs at local high schools often cross content areas and may not be predefined or linear in nature. CTE students at local high schools build their programs based on individual interests to form cohesive concentrations; the selection of the code is linked to this building process. The following general CIP codes reflect the six major CTE content areas. If a student is in programs from two of these content areas, the code to be reported should be the one in which the majority of the student’s time is spent. The six content areas and their related CIP codes are:

Agriculture: use CIP code 010599
Business and Marketing: use CIP code 529999   Â
Family and Consumer Sciences: use CIP code 199999
Health Occupations: use CIP code 519999    Â
Technology Education: use CIP code 151599
Trade and Technical: use CIP code 489999  Â

When a local agency is unable to determine the appropriate code they should contact their RIC. If need be, the RIC can contact the NYSED CTE Team at 518-486-1547 or emsccte@mail.nysed.gov for assistance.

The following specific CIP codes, the same subset found in the SIRS Manual, should be used when they accurately characterize the CTE programs reported.

Code     Program Name
Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Cluster
010000  Agriculture, General
010101  Agricultural Business and Management, General
010102  Agricultural Business/Agribusiness Operations
010104  Farm and Ranch Management
010105  Agricultural/Farm Supplies Retailing and Wholesaling
010106  Agriculture Business Technology
010199  Agricultural Business and Management, Other
010201  Agricultural Mechanization, General
010204  Agricultural Power Machinery Operator
010205  Agriculture Mechanics & Equipment/Machine Technology
010299  Agricultural Mechanization, Other
010301  Agricultural Production Operations, General
010302  Animal/Livestock Husbandry and Production
010303  Aquaculture
010304  Crop Production
010306  Dairy Husbandry and Production
010307  Horse Husbandry/Equine Science & Management
010399  Agricultural Production Operations, Other
010401  Agricultural and Food Products Processing
010504  Dog/Pet/Animal Grooming
010505  Animal Trainer
010507  Equestrian/Equine Studies
010508  Taxidermy/Taxidermist
010599  Agricultural & Domestic Animals Services, Other
010601  Applied Horticulture/Horticultural Operations, General
010603  Ornamental Horticulture
010604  Greenhouse Operations and Management
010605  Landscaping & Groundskeeping
010606  Plant Nursery Operations and Management
010607  Turf & Turfgrass Management
010608  Floriculture/Floristry Operations and Management
010699  Applied Horticulture/Horticultural Business Services, Other
019999  Agriculture, Agriculture Operations and Related Sciences, Other
030205  Water, Wetlands and Marine Resources Management
030206  Land Use Planning and Management/Development
030299  Natural Resources Management and Policy, Other
030301  Fishing and Fisheries Sciences and Management
030501  Forestry, General
030508  Urban Forestry
030509  Wood Science and Wood Products/Pulp and Paper Technology
030511  Forestry Technology/Technician
030599  Forestry, Other
030601  Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management
039999  Natural Resources and Conservation, Other
150507  Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology
150599  Environmental Control Technologies/Technicians, Other
150901  Mining Technology/Technician
150903  Petroleum Technology/Technician
150999  Mining and Petroleum Technology/Technicians, Other
Architecture and Construction Cluster
150101  Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician
150201  Civil Engineering Technology/Technician
151001  Construction Engineering Technology/Technician
151102  Survey Technology/Surveying
460101  Mason/Masonry
460201  Carpentry/Carpenter
460301  Electrical and Power Transmission Installation/Installer, General
460302  Electrician
460303  Lineworker
460399  Electrical and Power Transmission Installers, Other
460401  Building/Property Maintenance and Manager
460402  Concrete Finishing/Concrete Finisher
460403  Building/Home/Construction Inspection/Inspector
460404  Drywall Installation/Drywaller
460406  Glazier
460408  Painting/Painter and Wall Coverer
460410  Roofer
460411  Metal Building Assembly/Assembler
460412  Building/Construction Site Management/Manager
460499  Building/Construction Finishing, Management and Inspection, Other
460502  Pipefitting/Pipefitter and Sprinkler Fitter
460503  Plumbing Technology/Plumber
460504  Well Drilling/Driller
460505  Blasting/Blaster
460599  Plumbing and Related Water Supply Services, Other
469999  Construction Trades, Other
470201  Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician
Manufacturing Production Cluster
100302  Printing Management
100303  Prepress/Desktop Publishing and Digital Imaging Design
100304  Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics and Special Effects
100305  Graphic and Printing Equipment Operator, General Production
100306  Platemaker/Imager
100307  Printing Press Operator
100308  Computer Typography and Composition Equipment Operator
100399  Graphic Communications, Other
150403  Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology
150405  Robotics Technology/Technician
150508  Hazardous Materials Management and Waste Technology/Technician
150607  Plastics Engineering Technology/Technician
150611  Metallurgical Technology/Technician
150612  Industrial Technology/Technician
150613  Manufacturing Technology/Technician
150699  Industrial Production Technologies/Technicians, Other
150701  Occupations Safety and Health Technology/Technician
150702  Quality Control Technology/Technician
150703  Industrial Safety Technology/Technician
150704  Hazardous Materials Information Systems Technology/Technician
150799  Quality Control and Safety Technologies/Technicians, Other
151301  Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, General
151302  CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/Technician
151303  Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD
151304  Civil Drafting and Civil Engineering CAD/CADD
151305  Electrical/Electronics Drafting and Electrical/Electronics CAD/CADD
151306  Mechanical Drafting and Mechanical Drafting CAD/CADD
151399  Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, Other
470105  Industrial Electronics Technology/Technician
470303  Industrial Mechanics and Maintenance Technology
470399  Heavy/Industrial Equipment Maintenance Technologies, Other
470402  Gunsmithing/Gunsmith
470403  Locksmithing and Safe Repair
470404  Musical Instrument Fabrication and Repair
470408  Watchmaking and Jewelrymaking
470409  Parts and Warehousing Operations and Maintenance Technology/Technician
470499  Precision Systems Maintenance and Repair Technologies, Other
480303  Upholstery/Upholsterer
480304  Shoe, Boot and Leather Repairer
480399  Leatherworkers and Upholsterers, Other
480501  Machine Tool Technology/Machinist
480503  Machine Shop Technology/Assistant
480506  Sheet Metal Technology/Sheetworking
480507  Tool and Die Technology/Technician
480508  Welding Technology/Welder
480509  Ironworking/Ironworker
480599  Precision Metal Working, Other
480701  Woodworking, General
480702  Furniture Designer and Manufacturing
480703  Cabinetmaking and Millwork/Millwright
480799  Woodworking, Other
480801  Boilermaking/Boilermaker
489999  Precision Production, Other
Transportation, Distribution and Logistics Cluster
150801  Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineering Technology/Technician
150803  Automotive Engineering Technology/Technician
151103  Hydraulics and Fluid Power Technology/Technician
470302  Heavy Equipment Maintenance Technology/Technician470603  Autobody/Collision and Repair Technology/Technician
470604  Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician
470605  Diesel Mechanics Technology/Technician
470606  Small Engine Mechanics and Repair Technology/Technician
470607  Airframe Mechanics and Aircraft Maintenance Technology/Technician
470608  Aircraft Powerplant Technology/Technician
470609  Avionics Maintenance Technology/Technician
470610  Bicycle Mechanics and Repair Technology/Technician
470611  Motorcycle Maintenance and Repair Technology/Technician
470612  Vehicle Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Technology/Technician
470613  Medium/Heavy Vehicle and Truck Technology/Technician
470614  Alternative Fuel Vehicle Technology/Technician
470615  Engine Machinist
470616  Marine Maintenance/Fitter and Ship Repair Technology/Technician
470699  Vehicle Maintenance and Repair Technologies, Other
479999  Mechanic and Repair Technologies/Technicians, Other
490101  Aeronautics/Aviation/Aerospace Science and Technology, General
490102  Airline/Commercial/Professional Pilot and Flight Crew
490104  Aviation/Airway Management and Operations
490106  Airline Flight Attendant
490108  Flight Instructor
490199  Air Transportation, Other
490202  Construction/Heavy Equipment/Earthmoving Equipment Operation
490205  Truck and Bus Driver/Commercial Vehicle Operation
490206  Mobil Crane Operation/Operator
490299  Ground Transportation, Other
490303  Commercial Fishing
490304  Diver, Professional and Instructor
490309  Marine Science/Merchant Marine Officer
490399  Marine Transportation, Other
499999  Transportation and Materials Moving, Other
520203  Logistics and Materials Management
520209  Transportation/Transportation Management
520410  Traffic, Customs and Transportation Clerk/Technician
Information Technology Cluster
110101  Computer and Information Sciences, General
110103  Information Technology
110199  Computer Science, Other
110201  Computer Programming/Programmer, General
110202  Computer Programming, Specific Applications
110203  Computer Programming, Vendor/Product Certification
110299  Computer Programming, Other
110301  Data Processing Technology/Technician
110601  Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, General
110602  Word Processing
110699  Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, Other
110801  Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design
110802  Data Modeling/Warehousing and Database Administration
110803  Computer Graphics
110899  Computer Software and Media Applications, Other
110901  Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications
111001  System Administration/Administrator
111002  System, Networking and LAN/WAN Management/Manager
111003  Computer and Information Systems Security
111004  Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster
111099  Computer/Information Technology Services Administration and Management, Other
119999  Computer and Information Sciences and Support Services, Other
151201  Computer Engineering Technology/Technician
151202  Computer Technology/Computer Systems Technology
151203  Computer Hardware Technology/Technician
151204  Computer Software Technology/Technician
151299  Computer Engineering Technologies/Technician, Other
470101  Electrical/Electronics Equipment Installation and Repair, General
470102  Business Machine Repairer
470104  Computer Installation and Repair Technology/Technician
470199  Electrical/Electronics Maintenance and Repair Technology, Other
521201  Management Information System, General
521299  Management Information Systems and Services, Other
Marketing Sales and Services Cluster
120301  Funeral Service and Mortuary Science, General
120401  Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, General
120402  Barbering/Barber
120404  Electrolysis/Electrology and Electrolysis Technician
120406  Make-up Artist/Specialist
120407  Hair Styling/Stylist and Hair Design
120408  Facial Treatment Specialist/Facialist
120409  Aesthetician/Esthetician and Skin Care Specialist
120410  Nail Technician/Specialist and Manicurist
120411  Permanent Cosmetics/Makeup and Tattooing
120412  Salon/Beauty Salon Management/Manager
120413  Cosmetology, Barber/Styling and Nail Instructor
120499  Cosmetology and Related Personal Grooming Arts, Other
190605  Home Furnishings and Equipment Installers
190699  Housing and Human Environments, Other
190902  Apparel and Textile Manufacture
190905  Apparel and Textile Marketing Management
190906  Fashion and Fabric Consultant
190999  Apparel and Textiles, Other
470106  Appliance Installation and Repair Technology/Technician
521401  Marketing/Marketing Management, General
521801  Sales, Distribution and Marketing Operations, General
521802  Merchandising and Buying Operations
521803  Retailing and Retail Operations
521804  Selling Skills and Sales Operations
521899  General Sales, Merchandising and Related Marketing Operations, Other
521901  Auctioneering
521902  Fashion Merchandising
521903  Fashion Modeling
521904  Apparel and Accessories Marketing Operations
521907  Vehicle and Vehicle Parts and Accessories Marketing Operations
521908  Business and Personal/Financial Services Marketing Operations
521909  Special Products Marketing Operations
Finance Cluster
520801  Finance, General
520803  Banking and Financial Support Services
520804  Financial Planning and Services
520807  Investments and Securities
520809  Credit Management
520899  Finance and Financial Management Services, Other
521701  Insurance
Hospitality and Tourism Cluster
120500  Cooking and Related Culinary Arts, General
120501  Baking and Pastry Arts/Baker/Pastry Chef
120502  Bartending/Bartender
120503  Culinary Arts/Chef Training
120504  Restaurant, Culinary and Catering Management/Manager
120505  Food Preparation/Professional Cooking/Kitchen Assistant
120506  Meat Cutting/Meat Cutter
120507  Food Service, Waiter/Waitress and Dining Room Management/Manager
120508  Institutional Food Workers
120599  Culinary Arts and Related Services, Other
129999  Personal and Culinary Services, Other
190505  Foodservice Systems Administration/Management
190599  Foods, Nutrition and Related Services, Other
310101  Parks, Recreation and Leisure Studies
310301  Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management
310599  Health and Physical Education/Fitness, Other
319999  Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, Other
510913  Athletic Training/Trainer
520901  Hospitality Administration/Management, General
520903  Tourism and Travel Services Management
520904  Hotel/Motel Administration/Management
520905  Restaurant/Food Services Management
520906  Resort Management
520999  Hospitality Administration/Management, Other
521905  Tourism and Travel Services Marketing Operations
521906  Tourism Promotion Operations
521910  Hospitality and Recreation Marketing Operations
Business Management and Administration Cluster
220301  Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary
220303  Court Reporting/Court Reporter
510716  Medical Administrative/Executive Assistant and Medical Secretary
520101  Business/Commerce, General
520201  Business Administration and Management, General
520202  Purchasing, Procurement/Acquisitions and Contracts Management
520204  Office Management and Supervision
520205  Operations Management and Supervision
520207  Customer Service Management
520208  E-Commerce/Electronic Commerce
520299  Business/Managerial Operations, Other
520301  Accounting
520302  Accounting Technology/Technician and Bookeeping
520303  Auditing
520304  Accounting and Finance
520305  Accounting and Business Management
520399  Accounting and Related Services, Other
520401  Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, General
520402  Executive Assistant/Executive Secretary
520406  Receptionist
520407  Business/Office Automation/Technology/Data Entry
520408  General Office Occupations and Clerical Services
520409  Parts, Warehousing and Inventory Management Operations
520411  Customer Service Support/Call Center/Teleservice Operation
520499  Business Operations Support and Secretarial Services, Other
520701  Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies
520702  Franchising and Franchise Operations
520703  Small Business Administration/Management
520799  Entrepreneurial and Small Business Operations, Other
521501  Real Estate
521601  Taxation
529999  Business, Management, Marketing and Related Support Services, Other
Health Science Cluster
510601  Dental Assisting/Assistant
510602  Dental Hygiene/Hygienist
510603  Dental Laboratory Technology/Technician
510699  Dental Services and Allied Professions, Other
510703  Health Unit Coordinator/Ward Clerk
510704  Health Unit Manager/Ward Supervisor
510705  Medical Office Management/Administration
510706  Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator
510707  Health Information/Medical Records Technology/Technician
510708  Medical Transcription/Transcriptionist
510709  Medical Office Computer Specialist/Assistant
510710  Medical Office Assistant/Specialist
510711  Medical/Health Management and Clinical Assistant/Specialist
510712  Medical Reception/Receptionist
510713  Medical Insurance Coding Specialist/Coder
510714  Medical Insurance Specialist/Medical Biller
510715  Health/Medical Claims Examiner
510717  Medical Staff Services Technology/Technician
510799  Health and Medical Administrative Services, Other
510801  Medical/Clinical  Assistant
510802  Clinical/Medical Laboratory Assistant
510803  Occupational Therapy Assistant
510805  Pharmacy Technician/Assistant
510806  Physical Therapist Assistant
510808  Veterinary/Animal Health Technology/Technician and Veterinarian Assistant
510809  Anesthesiologist Assistant
510810  Emergency Care Attendant (EMT Ambulance)
510811  Pathology/Pathologist Assistant
510812  Respiratory Therapy Technician/Assistant
510813  Chiropractic Assistant/Technician
510899  Health/Medical Assisting Services, Other
510901  Cardiovascular Technology/Technician
510902  Electrocardiograph Technology/Technician
510903  Electroneurodiagnostic/Electroencephalographic Technology/Technician
510904  Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic)
510905  Nuclear Medical Technology/Technician
510906  Perfusion Technology/Perfusionist
510907  Medical Radiologic Technology/Science – Radiation Therapist
510908  Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist
510909  Surgical Technology/Technologist
510910  Diagnostic Medical Sonography/Sonographer and Ultrasound Technician
510911  Radiologic Technology/Science – Radiographer
510912  Physician Assistant
510914  Gene/Genetic Therapy
510915  Cardiopulmonary Technology/Technologist
510916  Radiation Protection/Health Physics Technician
510999  Allied Health Diagnostic, Intervention and Treatment Professions, Other
511001  Blood Bank Technology Specialist
511002  Cytotechnology/Cytotechnologist
511003  Hematology Technology/Technician
511004  Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician
511006  Ophthalmic Laboratory Technology/Technician
511007  Histologic Technology/Histotechnologist
511008  Histologic Technician
511009  Phlebotomy/Phlebotomist
511010  Cytogenetics/Genetics/Clinical Genetics Technology/Technologist
511011  Renal/Dialysis Technologist/Technician
511099  Clinical/Medical Laboratory Science and Allied Professions, Other
511502  Psychiatric/Mental Health Services Technician
511613  Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training
511614  Nurse/Nursing Assistant/Aide and Patient Care Assistant
511699  Nursing, Other
511801  Opticianry/Ophthalmic Dispensing Optician
511802  Optomeric Technician/Assistant
511803  Ophthalmic Technician/Technologist
511804  Orthoptics/Orthoptist
511899  Ophthalmic and Optometric Support Services and Allied Professions, Other
512601  Health Aide
512602  Home Health Aide/Home Attendant
512603  Medication Aide
512699  Health Aides/Attendants/Orderlies, Other
513301  Acupuncture
513302  Traditional Chinese/Asian Medicine and Chinese Herbology
513501  Massage Therapy/Therapeutic Massage
513603  Hypnotherapy/Hypnotherapist
519999  Health Professions and Related Clinical Services, Other
Human Services Cluster
190702  Adult Development and Aging
190708  Child Care and Support Services Management
190709  Child Care Provider/Assistant
190799  Human Development, Family Studies and Related Services, Other
199999  Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, Other
440201  Community Organization and Advocacy
Arts, Audio/Video Technology and Communications Cluster
090101  Communications Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric
090102  Mass Communications/Media Studies
090199  Communications and Media Studies, Other
090401  Journalism
090402  Broadcast Journalism
090404  Photojournalism
090499  Journalism, Other
090701  Radio and Television
090702  Digital Communication and Media/Multimedia
090799  Radio, Television and Digital Communication, Other
090901  Organizational Communication, General
090902  Public Relations/Image Management
090903  Advertising
090904  Political Communication
090905  Health Communication
090999  Public Relations, Advertising and Applied Communication, Other
091001  Publishing
099999  Communications, Journalism and Related Programs, Other
100105  Communications Technology/Technician
100201  Photographic and Film/Video Technology/Technician and Assistant
100202  Radio and Television Broadcasting Technology/Technician
100203  Recording Arts Technology/Technician
100299  Audiovisual Communications Technologies/Technician, Other
109999  Communications Technologies and Support Services, Other
161603  Sign Language Interpretation and Translation
470103  Communication Systems Installer and Repair Technology
500101  Visual and Performing Arts, General
500201  Crafts/Craft Design, Folk Art and Artisanry
500301  Dance, General
500401  Design and Visual Communications, General
500402  Commercial and Advertising Art
500404  Industrial Design
500406  Commercial Photography
500407  Fashion/Apparel Design
500408  Interior Design
500409  Graphic Design
500410  Illustration
500499  Design and Applied Arts, Other
500501  Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, General
500502  Technical Theater/Theater Design and Technology
500504  Playwriting and Screenwriting
500505  Theatre Literature, History and Criticism
500506  Acting
500507  Directing and Theatrical Production
500508  Theatre/Theatre Arts Management
500599  Dramatic/Theater Arts and Stagecraft, Other
500602  Cinematography and Film/Video Production
500605  Photography
500699  Film/Video and Photographic Arts, Other
500702  Fine/Studio Arts, General
500704  Arts Management
500705  Drawing
500706  Intermedia/Multimedia
500708  Painting
500709  Sculpture
500710  Printmaking
500711  Ceramics Arts and Ceramics
500712  Fiber, Textile and Weaving Arts
500713  Metal and Jewelry Arts
500799  Fine Arts and Art Studies, Other
500903  Music Performance, General
500904  Music Theory and Composition
500906  Conducting
500907  Piano and Organ
500908  Voice and Opera
500909  Music Management and Merchandising
500911  Violin, Viola, Guitar and Other Stringed Instruments
500999  Music, Other
509999  Visual and Performing Arts, Other
520501  Business/Corporate Communications
Law and Public Safety Cluster
220302  Legal Assistant/Paralegal
430102  Corrections
430103  Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration
430104  Criminal Justice, Safety Studies
430106  Forensic Science and Technology
430107  Criminal Justice/Police Science
430109  Security and Loss Prevention Services
430110  Juvenile Corrections
430112  Securities Services Administration/Management
430113  Corrections Administration
430199  Corrections and Criminal Justice, Other
430201  Fire Protection and Safety Technology/Technician
430202  Fire Services Administration
430203  Fire Science/Firefighting
430299  Fire Protection, Other
439999  Security and Protective Services, Other
470110  Security System Installation, Repair and Inspection Technology/Technician
Scientific Research and Engineering Cluster
150000  Engineering Technology, General
150303  Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician
150304  Laser and Optical Technology/Technician
150399  Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologies/Technicians, Other
150401  Biomedical Technology/Technician
150404  Instrumentation Technology/Technician
150499  Electromechanical and Instrumentation and Maintenance Tech/Technicians, Other
150501  Heating, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology/Technician
150503  Energy Management and System Technology/Technician
150505  Solar Energy Technology/Technician
150506  Water Quality and Wastewater Treatment Management and Recycling Technology/Technician
150805  Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician
150899  Mechanical Engineering Related Technology/Technician, Other
151199  Engineering Technology, Other
151401  Nuclear Engineering Technology/Technician
151599  Engineering-Related Fields, Other
159999  Engineering Technologies/Technicians, Other
410101  Biology Technician/Biotechnology Laboratory Technician
410205  Nuclear/Nuclear Power Technology/Technician
410301  Chemical Technology/Technician
410399  Physical Science Technology/Technician, Other
419999  Science Technologies/Technicians, Other
Education and Training Cluster
130501  Educational/Instructional Media Design
131202  Elementary Education and Teaching
131210  Early Childhood Education
131501  Teacher Assistant/Aide
131502  Adult Literacy Tutor/Instructor
131599  Teacher Assistants/Aides, Other
250301  Library Assistant/Technician
Government and Public Administration Cluster
440401  Public Administration
440701  Social Work
440702  Youth Services/Administration
449999  Public Administration and Social Service Professions, Other
520206  Non-Profit/Public/Organizational Management
520808  Public Finance

 


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